Rule 4.1. Authority To Arrest Without Warrant.

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(a) A law enforcement officer may arrest a person without a warrant if:

(i) the officer has reasonable cause to believe that such person has committed a felony;

(ii) the officer has reasonable cause to believe that such person has committed a traffic offense involving:

(A) death or physical injury to a person; or

(B) damage to property; or

(C) driving a vehicle while under the influence of any intoxicating liquor or drug;

(iii) the officer has reasonable cause to believe that such person has committed any violation of law in the officer's presence;

(iv) the officer has reasonable cause to believe that such person has committed acts which constitute a crime under the laws of this state and which constitute domestic abuse as defined by law against a family or household member and which occurred within four (4) hours preceding the arrest if no physical injury was involved or 12 (twelve) hours preceding the arrest if physical injury, as defined in Ark. Code Ann. § 5-1-102, was involved;

(v) the officer is otherwise authorized by law.

(b) A private person may make an arrest where he has reasonable grounds for believing that the person arrested has committed a felony.

(c) An arrest shall not be deemed to have been made on insufficient cause hereunder solely on the ground that the officer or private citizen is unable to determine the particular offense which may have been committed.

(d) A warrantless arrest by an officer not personally possessed of information sufficient to constitute reasonable cause is valid where the arresting officer is instructed to make the arrest by a police agency which collectively possesses knowledge sufficient to constitute reasonable cause.

(e) A person arrested without a warrant shall not be held in custody unless a judicial officer determines, from affidavit, recorded testimony, or other information, that there is reasonable cause to believe that the person has committed an offense. Such reasonable cause determination shall be made promptly, but in no event longer than forty-eight (48) hours from the time of arrest, unless the prosecuting attorney demonstrates that a bona fide emergency or other extraordinary circumstance justifies a delay longer than forty-eight (48) hours. Such reasonable cause determination may be made at the first appearance of the arrested person pursuant to Rule 8.1.

Reporter's Notes, 2001. Concerning subsection (a) (iv), see Ark. Code Ann. §16-81-113 (a)(1), as amended by Act 1421 of 2001. Subsection (a) (v) is intended to incorporate current and future statutes authorizing an arrest without a warrant. Examples of such statutory authority include Ark. Code. Ann. § 5-4-309 (warrantless arrest for violation of probation); Ark. Code. Ann. § 5-36-116 (warrantless arrest for shoplifting); Ark. Code. Ann. § 5-53-134 (warrantless arrest for violation of protective order); Ark. Code Ann. § 16-81-114 (warrantless arrest for gas theft); and Ark. Code. Ann. § 16-93-705 (warrantless arrest for violation of parole).

Associated Court Rules: 
Rules of Criminal Procedure
Group Title: 
Article III. Arrest, Citation, Summons and Pretrial Release